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Penny Marshall

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Penny Marshall
Publicity photo for Laverne & Shirley, 1976
Born
Carole Penny Marshall

(1943-10-15)October 15, 1943
DiedDecember 17, 2018(2018-12-17) (aged 75)
Resting placeForest Lawn Memorial Park
Hollywood Hills, California
Alma materUniversity of New Mexico
Occupation
  • Actress
  • director
  • producer
Years active1968–2018
Spouse(s)
Mike Henry
(m. 1963; div. 1966)

Rob Reiner
(m. 1971; div. 1981)
ChildrenTracy Reiner
RelativesGarry Marshall (brother)
Scott Marshall (nephew)

Carole Penny Marshall[1] (October 15, 1943 – December 17, 2018)[1] was an American actress, director, and producer. She came to notice in the 1970s for her role as Laverne DeFazio on the television sitcom Laverne & Shirley (1976–1983), receiving three nominations for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy for her portrayal.

Marshall made her directorial debut with Jumpin' Jack Flash (1986) before directing Big (1988), which became the first film directed by a woman to gross more than $100 million at the U.S. box office. Her subsequent directing credits included Awakenings (1990), which was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture, A League of Their Own (1992), Renaissance Man (1994), The Preacher's Wife (1996) and Riding in Cars with Boys (2001). She also produced Cinderella Man (2005) and Bewitched (2005), and directed episodes of the TV series According to Jim and United States of Tara.

Early life

Carole Penny Marshall was born in the Bronx, New York City, New York, on October 15, 1943, to Marjorie Irene (née Ward; 1908–1983), a tap dance teacher who ran the Marjorie Marshall Dance School, and Anthony "Tony" Masciarelli (1906–1999), later Anthony Wallace Marshall, a director of industrial films and later a producer.[2] She was the sister of actor/director/TV producer Garry Marshall and Ronny Hallin, a television producer. Her birth name, Carole, was selected because her mother's favorite actress was Carole Lombard. Her middle name was selected because her older sister Ronny, wanting a horse in the Bronx, was saving her pennies; her mother chose the middle name in an attempt to console her.[3]

Her father was of Italian descent, his family having come from Abruzzo,[4] and her mother was of German, English, and Scottish descent;[5][6][7] Marshall's father changed his last name from Masciarelli to Marshall before she was born.[8][9] Religion played no role in the Marshall children's lives. Garry was christened Episcopalian, Ronny was Lutheran, and Penny was confirmed in a Congregational Church, because "[Mother] sent us anyplace that had a hall where she could put on a recital. If she hadn't needed performance space, we wouldn't have bothered."[10]

She grew up at 3235 Grand Concourse, the Bronx, in a building which was also the childhood home of Neil Simon, Paddy Chayefsky, Calvin Klein, and Ralph Lauren.[11] She began her career as a tap dancer at age three, and later taught tap at her mother's dance school. She graduated from Walton High School, a public girls' high school in New York and then went to University of New Mexico for 212 years where she studied math and psychology. While at UNM, Marshall became pregnant with daughter Tracy Reiner (née Tracy Henry), and soon after married the father, Michael Henry, in 1963. The couple divorced three years later in 1966.[citation needed] During this period, Marshall worked various jobs to support herself, including working as a choreographer for the Albuquerque Civic Light Opera Association.[12] In 1967,[13] she moved to Los Angeles to join her older brother Garry, a writer whose credits at the time included TV's The Dick Van Dyke Show (1961–1966).

Career

Laverne & Shirley

Marshall first appeared on a television commercial for Head and Shoulders beautifying shampoo. She was hired to play a girl with stringy, unattractive hair, and Farrah Fawcett was hired to play a girl with thick, bouncy hair. As the crew was lighting the set, Marshall's stand-in wore a placard that read "Homely Girl" and Fawcett's stand-in wore a placard that said "Pretty Girl". Fawcett, sensing Marshall's insecurity about her looks, crossed out "Homely" on the Marshall stand-in placard and wrote "Plain".[14] Marshall and Billie Hayes were the only actresses to audition for the role of Witchiepoo for H.R. Pufnstuf, produced by Sid and Marty Krofft. Marshall thought that she was not right for the part, and Hayes got the role.[citation needed]

In 1968 Marshall accepted an offer from her brother to appear in a movie he had written and was producing, called How Sweet It Is (1968). She landed another small role in the film The Savage Seven (1968), as well as a guest appearance on the hit television series That Girl, starring Marlo Thomas.[15] Marshall was considered for the role of Gloria Bunker Stivic on All in the Family, but lost the part to Sally Struthers.[16]

In 1970, Garry Marshall became the executive producer of the television series The Odd Couple. The following year, Marshall was added to the permanent cast to play a secretary, Myrna, and held the role for four years. In Marshall's final appearance on The Odd Couple, her character married her boyfriend, Sheldn ("they left the "o" off the birth certificate", she explains), played by Rob Reiner, her real-life husband.[15] The episode included Marshall's real-life siblings, Garry and Ronny, as Myrna's brother and sister.[citation needed]

While she was on The Odd Couple, Marshall played small roles in TV movies such as Evil Roy Slade (1972), starring John Astin and Mickey Rooney (and produced by brother Garry); The Crooked Hearts (1972) starring Douglas Fairbanks Jr., in which she played a waitress; The Couple Takes a Wife, starring Bill Bixby; and Wacky Zoo of Morgan City (1972). In 1974, James L. Brooks and Allan Burns cast Marshall as Janice Dreyfuss, sister-in-law to Paul Dreyfuss (played by actor Paul Sand) in the series Paul Sand in Friends and Lovers. It aired on CBS-TV Saturday nights beginning September 14, 1974. Despite good reviews and decent ratings, it was canceled mid-season. Brooks and Burns, along with studio head Grant Tinker, were so impressed with Marshall's comedic talent that the following season, they hired Marshall and actress Mary Kay Place to play Mary Richards' new neighbors (Paula and Sally Jo) on The Mary Tyler Moore Show.[17]

Garry Marshall, creator and then part-time writer for Happy Days, cast Marshall and Cindy Williams to guest appear on an episode of the show. The installment, titled "A Date with Fonzie",[18] aired on November 11, 1975 and introduced the characters Laverne DeFazio and Shirley Feeney (played by Marshall and Williams, respectively). In that episode, Laverne and Shirley were a pair of wisecracking brewery workers who were dates for Fonzie (Henry Winkler) and Richie (Ron Howard). The pair were such a hit with the studio audience that Garry Marshall decided to co-create and star them in a successful spinoff, Laverne & Shirley (1976–1983).[19] The characters of Laverne and Shirley appeared in five more episodes of Happy Days. In 1982 at the beginning of Laverne & Shirley's eighth season, Williams left the show due to her pregnancy. Marshall continued with the show, but it was canceled after the season's final episode aired in May 1983.[20]

In 1983, while still filming Laverne & Shirley, Marshall guest starred on Taxi in a cameo appearance as herself. In the Taxi episode "Louie Moves Uptown,"[21] Marshall is turned down for residency in a new high-rise condominium in Manhattan. The Laverne & Shirley episode "Lost in Spacesuits"[22] is referred to in the scene.

Marshall lent her voice to Ms. Botz, a.k.a. Ms. Botzcowski, the "babysitter bandit," on the first produced episode of The Simpsons, making her the first official guest star to appear on the show, and played a cameo role as herself on the HBO series Entourage. She also made a cameo appearance alongside her brother Garry in the Disney Halloween-themed movie Hocus Pocus as husband and wife. She was reunited with her Laverne & Shirley co-star, Cindy Williams, on a November 2013 episode of Sam & Cat.[23][24][25]

Directing career

At the encouragement of her brother, Marshall became interested in directing.[26] While starring on Laverne and Shirley, she made her debut as a director and directed four episodes of that show[27] as well as other TV assignments. In 1979, she directed several episodes of the short-lived sitcom Working Stiffs, starring Michael Keaton and James Belushi. She soon moved on to theatrical films, her first film being Jumpin' Jack Flash (1986) starring Whoopi Goldberg. She got this gig when the original director dropped out.[26] She also gave her daughter Tracy and her brother Garry roles in the film.[citation needed]

Marshall directed several successful feature films from the mid-1980s onwards, including Big (1988) starring Tom Hanks (the first film directed by a woman to gross over US$100 million), Awakenings (1990) starring Robin Williams and Robert De Niro, A League of Their Own (1992) with Geena Davis, Tom Hanks, Madonna and Rosie O'Donnell, and The Preacher's Wife (1996) starring Denzel Washington and Whitney Houston. In 1991, she was awarded the Women in Film Crystal Award.[28]

In 2010–2011, Marshall directed two episodes of the Showtime series United States of Tara. In 2013, Women in Film and Video presented her with the Women of Vision Award.[29] In 2014, Marshall announced she was developing a biopic on Effa Manley entitled Effa.[30]

Personal life

While at college, Marshall met Michael Henry, a football player, and left to marry him in 1963, aged 20;[31] they had one daughter named Tracy in 1964 (now Tracy Reiner). The marriage lasted three years.[13]

On April 10, 1971,[32] Marshall married actor/director Rob Reiner, who later adopted Tracy. Her marriage to Reiner ended in 1981; the couple had five grandchildren together.[33]

Marshall had a brief relationship with singer Art Garfunkel in the mid-1980s, and he credits her with helping him through his depression.[34]

Marshall had an abortion after getting pregnant in 1983. In 2010, it was reported that Marshall had been diagnosed with lung cancer that had metastasized to her brain, but two years later she was 'fine now'.[35] Following her recovery she published a memoir, My Mother Was Nuts.[15]

Death

Marshall died in Los Angeles on December 17, 2018, at the age of 75. According to her death certificate, the causes were cardiopulmonary failure, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus type 1.[36][37][38]

Following Marshall's death, her former husband Rob Reiner,[39] broadcaster Dan Rather,[40] former co-stars Ron Howard and Cindy Williams,[41][42] and Major League Baseball[43] all paid tribute to her on Twitter.

Marshall is interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Hollywood Hills. The 'L' from her Laverne character is emblazoned at the bottom of her headstone.

Filmography

Film

As actress

Year Film Role Notes
1968The Savage SevenTina[44]
1968How Sweet It Is!Tour Girl[44]
1970The GrasshopperPlaster Caster[44]
1970Where's Poppa?Courtroom SpectatorUncredited
1975How Come Nobody's on Our Side?Theresaaka Capers[45]
19791941Miss FitzroyUncredited[46]
1985Movers & ShakersRevaCameo[47]
1988She's Having a BabyHerselfUncredited
1991The Hard WayAngie[48]
1993Hocus PocusThe Master's WifeUncredited[49]
1995Get ShortyHerselfCameo[50]
1998The Emperor's New Clothes: An All-Star Illustrated Retelling of the Classic Fairy TaleThe Imperial Lady-in-Waiting #2Voice[51]
1999Special Delivery
2000High FidelityFuneral AttendeeUncredited
2004StatesideLt. ChevetoneUncredited[46]
2005Looking for Comedy in the Muslim WorldHerselfCameo[52]
2007Everybody Wants to Be ItalianTeresa the Florist[53]
2007Alice Upside DownMrs. PlotkinDirect-to-video film[54]
2007Blonde AmbitionBolo Executive[50]
2011New Year's EveHerself(segment "Ahern Party")
2014Going to AmericaHerself – Famous Director
2015Staten Island SummerDolores
2015Scooby-Doo! and Kiss: Rock and Roll MysteryThe ElderVoice, Direct-to-video film[55]
2016Mother's DayNarratorVoice[56]

As director

Year Title Notes
1986Jumpin' Jack Flash[44]
1988Big[44]
1990AwakeningsAlso executive producer[44]
1992A League of Their OwnAlso executive producer[44]
1994Renaissance ManAlso executive producer[44]
1996The Preacher's Wife[44]
2001Riding in Cars with Boys[44]

As producer

Year Title Notes
1993Calendar GirlExecutive producer[57]
1996Getting Away with MurderProducer[58]
1998With Friends Like These...Producer[59]
2003RiskProducer
2005Cinderella ManProducer[60]
BewitchedProducer[60]

Television

As actress

Year Title Role Notes
1968–1969That GirlAssistant Librarian / JoanEpisodes: "Secret Ballot", "Fix My Screen & Bug Out"[44]
1969My Friend TonyJanetEpisode: "Computer Murder"
1969Then Came BronsonClaireEpisode: "The Runner"[61]
1970Love, American StyleMary AgnesEpisode: "Love and the Pick-Up" segment[44]
1970Barefoot in the ParkEpisode: "In Sickness and in Health"
1970The Wonderful World of DisneyMayor's SecretaryEpisodes: "The Wacky Zoo of Morgan City" (Parts 1 & 2)
1971The Feminist and the FuzzLiberation LadyTelevision film[62]
1971Getting TogetherMonaEpisode: "Those Oldies But Goodies Remind Me of You"[63]
1972–1974The Odd CoupleMyrna Turner27 episodes[46]
1972Evil Roy SladeBank TellerTelevision film[64]
1972The SuperJaniceEpisode: "The Matchmaker"[65]
1972The Bob Newhart ShowStewardessEpisode: "Fly the Unfriendly Skies"[44]
1972The Crooked HeartsWaitressTelevision film[65]
1972The Couple Takes a WifePaulaTelevision film[65]
1973BanacekReceptionistEpisode: "The Greatest Collection of Them All"
1974–1975Paul Sand in Friends and LoversJanice Dreyfuss14 episodes[44]
1974–1976The Mary Tyler Moore ShowToni / Paula KovacsEpisodes: "I Was a Single for WJM", "Murray in Love", "Menage-a-Lou"[44]
1975Let's Switch!Alice WrightTelevision film[66]
1975WivesConnieTelevision film
1975Chico and the ManAnita CappuccinoEpisode: "Chico and the Van"[65]
1975Saturday Night LiveHerselfEpisode: "Rob Reiner"[46]
1975–1979Happy DaysLaverne DeFazio5 episodes[44]
1976Good HeavensEpisode: "Take Me Out to the Ball Game"[67]
1976–1983Laverne & ShirleyLaverne DeFazio178 episodes[44]
1977Saturday Night LiveHerselfEpisode: "Live from Mardi Gras"[46]
1977Blansky's BeautiesLaverne DeFazioEpisode: "Nancy Remembers Laverne"[68]
1978Mork & MindyLaverne DeFazioEpisode: "Pilot"[46]
1978More Than FriendsMatty PerlmanTelevision film[65]
1979Carol Burnett & CompanyHerselfEpisode #1.3[69]
1981–1982Laverne & Shirley in the ArmyLaverne DeFazioVoice, 13 episodes[68]
1982Mork & Mindy/Laverne & Shirley/Fonz HourLaverne DeFazioVoice, 8 episodes (Laverne & Shirley with the Fonz segment)[46]
1983TaxiHerselfEpisode: "Louie Moves Uptown"[46]
1984The New ShowVarious CharactersEpisode #1.4[70]
1984Love Thy NeighborLinda WilsonTelevision film[71]
1985Challenge of a LifetimeNora SchoonoverTelevision film[72]
1990The SimpsonsMs. BotzVoice, Episode: "Some Enchanted Evening"[46]
1993The Odd Couple: Together AgainMyrnaTelevision film[61]
1996Saturday Night LiveVarious CharactersEpisode: "Rosie O'Donnell/Whitney Houston"[46]
1998Tracey Takes On...HerselfEpisode: "Hollywood"
1998Nash BridgesIris HellerEpisode: "Skin Deep"
1999Jackie's Back!HerselfCameo
2004FrasierCelesteVoice, Episode: "Frasier-Liste"
2006Campus LadiesEpisode: "Webcam"[46]
2006BonesHerselfEpisode: "The Woman at the Airport"[46]
2008The GameDoris FoxEpisode: "A Delectable Basket of Treats"[46]
2012The Life & Times of TimPR ExecutiveVoice, Episode: "The Smug Chiropractor/Corporate Disaster"
2012PortlandiaBarbaraEpisode: "Feminist Book Store 10th Anniversary"[46]
2013Sam & CatSylvia BurkeEpisode: "#SalmonCat"[23]
2014MulaneyTuttiEpisode: "Sweet Jane"[73]
2016The Odd CouplePatty DombrowskiEpisode: "Taffy Days", (final appearance)[60]

As director

Year Title Notes
1979Working Stiffs1 episode: "The Preview Presentation"
1979–1981Laverne & Shirley4 episodes: "Squiggy in Love", "The Duke of Squigman", "The Dating Game", "But Seriously, Folks"[44]
1987The Tracey Ullman Show1 episode
1993A League of Their Own1 episode: "Dottie's Back"[74]
2009According to Jim2 episodes: "The Yoga Bear", "Physical Therapy"[44]
2010–2011United States of Tara2 episodes: "Explosive Diorama", "Wheels"[44]

Awards

References

  1. 1 2 Born Carole Penny Marshall in 1943, as per My Mother Was Nuts, a Memoir, p. 10; ISBN 978-0-547-89262-7. Copyright 2012
  2. "Comedy On Tap – Garry Marshall Interview".
  3. "A Penny for your Horsey?". Kentucky New Era. June 24, 1977. p. 10.
  4. LaSalle, Mick (May 26, 2006). "This Jewish boy's life will make you laugh (and get a bit verklempt?)". The San Francisco Chronicle.
  5. An Interview with the Cast of Keeping up with the Steins Archived April 18, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  6. Ancestry of Penny Marshall at Genealogy.com Archived July 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  7. "Penny Marshall". Articles.chicagotribune.com.
  8. Peter Canavese. "Groucho Reviews: Interview: Garry Marshall—Keeping Up With the Steins—05/05/06". GrouchoReviews.
  9. "...Anthony "Tony" Masciarelli", a handsome, athletic young man majoring in advertising at New York University ... To better his chances, he changed his last name from Masciarelli to Marshall and forevermore denied that he was both Italian and Catholic". My Mother Was Nuts, a Memoir, p. 4; ISBN 978-0-547-89262-7. Copyright 2012.
  10. My Mother Was Nuts, a Memoir, p. 18.
  11. Abramowitz, Rachel (2000). Is That a Gun in Your Pocket? Women's Experience of Power in Hollywood. New York: Random House, ISBN 0-679-43754-1, p. 289
  12. Barnes, Mike (December 18, 2018). "Penny Marshall, 'Laverne & Shirley' Star Turned Director, Dies at 75". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  13. 1 2 Abramowitz, p. 290
  14. Abramowitz, pp. 290–91
  15. 1 2 3 Gilbey, Ryan (December 19, 2018). "Penny Marshall obituary". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  16. "Penny Marshall's Ex-Husband Rob Reiner Reacts To Death Of Former Wife". The Inquisitr. December 18, 2018. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  17. "Penny Marshall's Most Memorable TV Roles, from Laverne & Shirley to Portlandia". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  18. ""Happy Days" A Date with Fonzie (TV Episode 1975)". IMDb.
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  20. "'Laverne & Shirley' Star Cindy Williams Spills Show Secrets in New Tell-All".
  21. ""Taxi" Louie Moves Uptown (TV Episode 1983)". IMDb.
  22. ""Laverne & Shirley" Lost in Spacesuits (TV Episode 1982)". IMDb.
  23. 1 2 Bibel, Sara (June 26, 2013). "Penny Marshall and Cindy Williams to Reunite on Nickelodeon's 'Sam & Cat'". TVbytheNumbers. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  24. "'Laverne & Shirley' stars reunite on Nick comedy". Yahoo.com. June 26, 2013.
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  26. 1 2 "Penny Marshall—Director, Producer—Biography". Tribute.ca.
  27. Abramowitz, p. 295
  28. "Past Recipients: Crystal Award". Women in Film. Archived from the original on June 30, 2011. Retrieved May 10, 2011.
  29. "Women of Vision Awards". Women in Film & Video. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  30. Yamato, Jen (December 11, 2014). "Penny Marshall Back To Baseball With Biographical picture Of First Female Hall Of Famer". Retrieved December 24, 2014.
  31. "PENNY MARSHALL'S FAVORITE MISTAKE: GETTING PREGNANT AT 19". Newsweek. September 17, 2012.
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  33. Abramowitz, p. 291
  34. "Artgarfunkel.com". Artgarfunkel.com. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
  35. Gostin, Nicki (October 4, 2012). "Penny Marshall talks cancer, abortion, reconciling with 'Laverne & Shirley co-star in new memoir". Fox. Retrieved September 20, 2015.
  36. "Death Certificate" (PDF). Tmz.vo.llnwd.net. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
  37. Dennis McClellan (December 18, 2018). "Penny Marshall, who played feisty Laverne in 'Laverne & Shirley' before directing movies, dies at 75". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  38. "Penny Marshall's cause of death revealed". Fox News. December 31, 2018. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
  39. Rob Reiner [@robreiner] (December 18, 2018). "I loved Penny. I grew up with her. She was born with a great gift" (Tweet). Retrieved December 18, 2018 via Twitter.
  40. Dan Rather [@danrather] (December 18, 2018). "Mourning the loss of a funny, poignant, and original American voice" (Tweet) via Twitter.
  41. Press, The Associated (December 18, 2018). "Tom Hanks, Rob Reiner and More Stars Mourn Penny Marshall". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  42. Cindy Williams [@Cindy_Williams1] (December 19, 2018). "I Love You, Partner" (Tweet) via Twitter.
  43. Major League Baseball [@mlb] (December 18, 2018). "We join the baseball community in mourning the passing of Penny Marshall, director of 'A League of Their Own" (Tweet). Retrieved December 18, 2018 via Twitter.
  44. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Dagan, Carmel (December 18, 2018). "Penny Marshall, 'Laverne & Shirley' Star, Director, Dies at 75". Variety. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  45. "How Come Nobody's On Our Side?". www.shockcinemamagazine.com. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
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  47. Maltin, L. (2014). Leonard Maltin's 2015 Movie Guide. Penguin Publishing Group. p. pt1612. ISBN 978-0-698-18361-2. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  48. Frame by Frame II: A Filmography of the African American Image, 1978-1994. Frame by frame. Indiana University Press. 1997. p. 214. ISBN 978-0-253-21120-0. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  49. "Look Back on 'Hocus Pocus' Scene Starring Siblings Penny and Garry Marshall as Bickering Couple". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  50. 1 2 "Laverne and Shirley star Penny Marshall dies at 75". Stuff. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  51. "Audio Special: Celebrity Readings From 'The Emperor's New Clothes'". archive.nytimes.com. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  52. Hoberman, J. (2012). Film After Film: (Or, What Became of 21st Century Cinema?). Verso. p. 124. ISBN 978-1-84467-751-1. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  53. The Hollywood Reporter. Hollywood Reporter. 2008. p. 4. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  54. "Alice Upside Down". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  55. Milligan, Mercedes (April 20, 2015). "Scooby-Doo Meets KISS in 'Rock and Roll Mystery'". Animation Magazine. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  56. Barker, Andrew; Barker, Andrew (April 28, 2016). "Film Review: 'Mother's Day'". Variety. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  57. "Calendar Girl | TV Guide". TVGuide.com. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  58. "Getting Away With Murder | TV Guide". TVGuide.com. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  59. "With Friends Like These... | TV Guide". TVGuide.com. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  60. 1 2 3 Grow, Kory (December 18, 2018). "Penny Marshall, Director and 'Laverne & Shirley' Actress, Dead at 75". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  61. 1 2 Leszczak, Bob (2014). The Odd Couple on Stage and Screen: A History with Cast and Crew Profiles and an Episode Guide. p. 83.
  62. Andrews, Travis M. (December 18, 2018). "Doing it her way: Penny Marshall broke barriers for women — but rejected the 'feminism' label". Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  63. "Penny Marshall, in pictures". CNN. December 18, 2018. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  64. mwhite@impossiblefunky.com, Mike White. "Cashiers du Cinemart - Issue 11 - Evil Roy Slade". Cashiers du Cinemart Magazine. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  65. 1 2 3 4 5 Marshall, Penny (2012). My Mother was Nuts: A Memoir. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. pp. 103–109.
  66. LLC, New York Media (April 22, 1985). New York Magazine. New York Media, LLC.
  67. Leszczak, Bob (2012). Single Season Sitcoms, 1948-1979: A Complete Guide. McFarland. p. 59.
  68. 1 2 "Penny Marshall, 'Laverne & Shirley' star, director, dies at 75". celebrity.nine.com.au. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  69. "The Paley Center for Media". The Paley Center for Media. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  70. "SCTV Guide - After SCTV - The New Show". www.sctvguide.ca. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  71. Snauffer, Douglas (2015). The Show Must Go On: How the Deaths of Lead Actors Have Affected Television Series. McFarland. p. 10.
  72. Corry, John (February 14, 1985). "'Challenge of a Lifetime,' with Penny Marshall". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  73. Guide, T. V. "Penny Marshall and Lorraine Bracco to Play Lesbian Couple on Fox's Mulaney". Uticaod. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  74. "A League of Their Own | TV Guide". TVGuide.com. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  75. "Penny Marshall". TV Guide. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
  76. "Penny Marshall Awards". IMDb. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
  77. "Billy Crystal Receives Two Comedy Awards". AP News. March 29, 1992. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  78. "Television Hall of Fame: Actors". Online Film & Television Association. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  79. "Penny Marshall". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  80. Fitz-Gerald, Sean; Fitz-Gerald, Sean (February 14, 2013). "Society of Camera Operators to honor Penny Marshall". Variety. Retrieved December 20, 2018.

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